Did you know that the health of your gums affects your overall oral health? Infections targeting the gums are associated not only with gum disease and tooth loss but also with health issues in other parts of the body. Here New York Smile Institute explains more about gum health and why it is so important.
Issues that Affect the Gums
Issues with the gums typically stem from bacteria that is found in plaque and tartar. Plaque is a film — comprised of bacteria, food, and other particles — that forms over the teeth. When plaque is not properly removed, it hardens into a substance known as tartar. The result is inflammation of the gums.
Gum disease has three main stages:
Gingivitis: If you are concerned that your gums are not as healthy as they could be, look for symptoms such as red, swollen gums that easily bleed, because you may have gingivitis. If caught early, gingivitis can be reversed through proper brushing and flossing.
Periodontitis (mild to moderate): If gingivitis is not caught or treated, it can lead to more inflammation in the gums. This is because the bacteria in plaque start to break down the gum attachment to the tooth, causing it to separate from the tooth and develop pockets around the tooth. Bone loss can also begin in this stage, and treatment is necessary to prevent additional damage.
Advanced periodontitis: Advanced periodontitis results in gum pockets that have deepened and severe bone loss. At this point, teeth become so loose that they may require extraction.
Keeping Your Gums Healthy
Maintaining gum health starts at home with a proper dental care routine that includes flossing and brushing to regularly remove plaque and harmful bacteria around the teeth. Tartar can only be removed by a dental professional, so regular dental visits to New York Smile Institute are instrumental in keeping your gums healthy.
Healthy Smile at New York Smile Institute
Neglecting the health of your gums can have consequences for your smile. This is why the dental experts at New York Smile Institute are committed to your comprehensive oral health. Regardless of the stage of your gums, we offer a range of treatments that can help you regain optimal health and restore the function and health of your gums. If you are interested in learning more about gum health, call us to set up an appointment today, or simply fill out our online contact form.